Telecom

Telecom is the creation of information in the form of binary code and sending it in a medium (wireless, wired, or fiber optics) to cross time and space to be received synchronously (when sent) or asynchronously (when receiver opens it). The physical components of this information exchange are where 2D crystals have impacts.

Cell towers are traditionally made from heavy materials to withstand the impact of wind, earthquakes, and fires while supporting the heavy cables and electronic equipment attached to it. The tower super structure weight element requires heavy machinery for erection of the towers. The structure requires regular maintenance to maintain strength capabilities. Electronic cables between antenna’s and electronic components is the largest portion of the weight the towers must support.

Supporting electronic equipment has two demands; 1) power and 2) thermal (hot and cold) conductivity transfer to maintain an optimal operation mode. The electronic equipment provides a supporting role in each of the mediums (wireless, wired, and fiber optic) for connecting the sender to the receiver.  This is where 2D crystals attributes (electrical, mechanical, and thermal conductivity) play important innovation roles in future physical architectures.

Discoveries:

2D Crystals mixed with polymers to form composites

  • 100+ times stronger than steel
  • 1/4 the weight of steel
  • Non-corrosive

2D Crystals

  • 4 times more conductive than copper at 1/4 the weight
  • 10 times more thermal conductivity than aluminum

2D Crystals mixed with thermal oils

  • Increased thermal conductivity for heat